There are many characteristics that puts Belkıs? Zeugma in a distinguished position among similar antique sites in Anatolia.One of these is the style in the sculpture and teliefs.Samples of this uniqe style can be seen at many museums around Turkey the world.
WORLD RECORD 100 THOUSAND BULLA
The bullas found in Zeugma during the excavations is one of the other features that makes Zeugma unique.Bulla means seal put on sendings in mail.These are the remnants of the Zeugma state Archives.
Expert says that the 100 tousand bullas found in Zeugma is a world record.And Gaziantep museum has the largest Bulla collection registered in its files.4th Legion of Roma Zeugma is also exceptional among other Antique cities because during Roman Era the Skitia Legion which consisted of soldiers from Anatolia was stationed in this city and this legion was one of the most important cities of Roman Empire.
ZEUGMA THE CITY OF MOSAICS
The main importance of Zeugma are the Roman villas and the floor mosaics found in them only.A small number of which could be brought to daylight by the excavations.These hillside villas which similars can only be see in Ephesus Antique city in Turkey and they carry utmost importance archeologically. Researches by experts have proved that once the excavations are completed Gaziantep Museum will be the leading mosaic Museum in the world.
The reason it is on a cross road and it’s a trade and military city it has been very popular by the artists.Even the retired officers had a attracted the best artists of the period.This way they have left behind the masterpieces of mosaics and fresks which is today a big issue.
MASTER PIECE MOSAICS
Different kinds of material was used on a mosaic panel.But when we look at the development process of mosaics we can see that the top layer material has varied from one period to another.
At the first only black-white pabble stone was used in mosaics.Later we see the pabble stones dred in various colors.İn this period we can also find planed samples.But the real planed samples can be seen by the technique called ”Tesserae” is first seen in early Greek.Later in Roman mosaics.İn this technique stones were planed in cubical,quadrangle and triangumar prism shapes and prepared.Later these would be used on the mosaic panel.The discovery of Tesserea technique was due to need of making picture like mosaics.The most important mosaics of Antique Era were made by pabble stone and glass in Tesserea Tegnique.
The most impoitent mosa ic material was glass after gabble store. The first samples are seen betwcen first and third centuries BC in Helenishc Era. And it has enabled the artıst to use uncountbable shades of colors. Apart from these two main materials marble and pieces of ceramic, ceramic Tesseraes pieces of Terrekota and finally gold and silver had been used.
Roman mosaics can be catogoruzid in two first the style called Opustesselaturn which is done by applying small cubes next to each other. Then the design made by quadrang le and prism shaped cubes wowld be colored. The second technique is called opusvermici latum. Or miniture in this techique the natural wlor of the stones would be kept and the mosaic pieces would be laid according to the picture. And there the laid stones look like long warms and that is what opusuermicilatum means.
ARES (MARS) STATUE
Another very important firding is the 1.50 cm tall bronze mars statue from Roman Era Mars is the Roman equalent of “Ares” the war Good. Mars is raid to be a very important Good for Rome it teprosents power and abundance. The statue had remanied under ground for 1800 years. İt is saia that the thick liwestone layer is not easy to be taken off. İt needs a long and expertise process without oxidizing it’s bronze. There are some marks of burn on the statue and that is estimated to have hoppened at the time when the parths invaded destroged and burned Zeugma in 252 AD.