A Greek god of healing and regarded as the physician
to the other gods. He is often identified with other
gods (among which Apollo, Asclepius, Dionysus, Zeus)
in their roles as healers and protectors against illness
and misfortune. Paean emerged as an independent deity
in later Greek literature. A paean is also a hymn
in honor of Apollo, in which he, as healer, is glorified
Twin sons of Zeus (or Hephaestus) and the nymph Thalia.
They were chthonic deities who were venerated as heroes
on Sicily. They had a shrine in Palacia, north-west
of Syracuse, near Mount Etna. To test the reliability
of their oath, people had to subject themselves to
some kind of divine judgment at that place.
A marine deity connected with Poseidon, and identified
by the Romans with Portunes, god of harbors. He was
originally Melicertes, son of Ino, and became a marine
deity together with his mother when she cast herself
with him into the sea.
One of the Titans. Pallas is the son of Crius and
Eurybia and husband of Styx. Pallas is the father
of Zelus, Nike, Cratos and Bia. He is also occasionally
considered the father of Eos. Pallas is also an appellation
of the goddess Athena (Pallas Athena) who, according
to some accounts was the daughter of Pallas. In this
version Pallas attempted to rape her and she killed
him. From his skin she made the Aegis.
Panacea ("heal-all" or "universal cure") is a herb
that is supposed to heal all ailments. In ancient
Greece she was personified as a minor Greek goddess
who symbolizes the power of healing through herbs.
She is said to be one of the daughters (or sister)
of Asclepius and Epione.
Pandia ("all-bright") was a Greek mythological figure.
She was the daughter of Zeus and Selene. She was the
sister of Ersa and Nemea. Pandia was the goddess of
brightness, especially the sun. She might have also
been the goddess of the full moon and the mate of
Zeus Pandion, the full moon god.
In Greek mythology, Pandora was the first woman on
earth. Zeus ordered Hephaestus, the god of craftsmanship,
to create her and he did, using water and earth. The
gods endowed her many with talents; Aphrodite gave
her beauty, Apollo music, Hermes persuasion, and so
forth. Hence her name: Pandora, "all-gifted". When
Prometheus stole fire from heaven, Zeus took vengeance
by presenting Pandora to Epimetheus, Prometheus' brother.
With her, Pandora had a jar which she was not to open
under any circumstance. Impelled by her natural curiosity,
Pandora opened the jar, and all evil contained escaped
and spread over the earth. She hastened to close the
lid, but the whole contents of the jar had escaped,
except for one thing which lay at the bottom, and
that was Hope.
A son of Erechtheus.
Literally, "the all-dewy one". She is a daughter of
One of the Nereids.
"The all-seeing". An epithet of Helios and Argus.
"Virgin", an epithet of the goddess Athena. The Parthenon
is her temple on the Acropolis in Greece.
The daughter of Helios and Perse, and wife of King
Minos. She was the mother of Glaucus, Andogeus, Phaedra,
and Ariadne. When Minos had the misfortune of insulting
Poseidon, the god kindled a passionate love in Pasiphae
for a bull. She had Daedalus design a construction
so that she could mate with the bull, and thus she
became the mother of the Minotaur.
In Greek mythology, Pegasus is the winged horse that
was fathered by Poseidon with Medusa. When her head
was cut of by the Greek hero Perseus, the horse sprang
forth from her pregnant body. His galloping created
the well Hippocrene on the Helicon (a mountain in
Boeotia). When the horse was drinking from the well
Pirene on the Acrocotinth, Bellerophon's fortress,
the Corinthian hero was able to capture the horse
by using a golden bridle, a gift from Athena. The
gods then gave him Pegasus for killing the monster
Chimera but when he attempted to mount the horse it
threw him off and rose to the heavens, where it became
a constellation (north of the ecliptic). In another
version, Bellerophon killed the Chimera while riding
on Pegasus, and when he later attempted to ride to
the summit of Mount Olympus, Zeus sent a gadfly to
sting the horse, and it threw Bellerophon off its
Peitho ("persuasion") is the personification of persuasion
and seduction. She is the daughter of Hermes and Aphrodite,
and usually mentioned as the sister of Tyche and Eunomia
She was part of the retinue of Aphrodite.
In Greek mythology, the mythical ancestor of the Pelasges,
a people that Herodotus called the eldest inhabitants
of Greece. It is also the name of the king of Argos
who sheltered Danaus and his fifty daughters when
they fled from Aegyptus.
Literally, "alarm". She is one of Graeae, the three
old women from Greek myth.
The god of a river in Thessaly, son of Oceanus and
Tethys. He is the father of Daphne, the nymph who
was persued by Apollo.
Penia is the personification of poverty and was worshipped
among the poor. After a feast among the gods, she
The personification of grief. When Zeus decided who
would be the god of that, Penthus was absent. There
was nothing left for him to preside over except the
honors paid to the dead, mourning and tears. Penthus
favors those who weep for the dead, and because they
are so good at weeping he sends them the most grief
he can. So the best way to avoid grief is to keep
the amount of distress at a minimum.
Also Perseis, was one of the Oceanids from Greek culture,
and was one the three thousand daughters of Oceanus
and Tethys. With the sun-god Helios, she became mother
of Calypso, Aeetes, Circe, Pasiphae, and Perses. Another
version of Perse¹s life said Apollo was the father
of her children.
Persephone is the goddess of the underworld in Greek
mythology. She is the daughter of Zeus and Demeter,
goddess of the harvest. Persephone was such a beautiful
girl that everyone loved her, even Hades wanted her
for himself. When she was a little girl, she and the
Oceanids were collecting flowers on the plain of Enna,
when suddenly the earth opened and Hades rose up from
the gap and abducted her. None but Zeus had noticed
it. Broken-hearted, Demeter wandered the earth, looking
for her daughter until Helios, the all-seeing, revealed
what had happened. Demeter was so angry that she withdrew
herself in loneliness, and all fertility on earth
stopped. Finally, Zeus sent Hermes down to Hades to
make him release Persephone. Hades grudgingly agreed,
but before she went back he gave Persephone a pomegranate
to eat, thus she would always be connected to his
realm and had to stay there one-third of the year.
The other months she remained with her mother. When
Persephone was in Hades, Demeter refused to let anything
grow and winter began. This myth is a symbol of the
budding and dying of nature. In the Eleusinian mysteries,
this happening was celebrated in honor of Demeter
and Persephone, who was known in this cult as Kore.
The Romans called her Proserpina.
The son of the sun-god Helios. When Phaeton ("the
shining one") finally learned who his father was,
he went east to meet him. He induced his father to
allow him to drive the chariot of the sun across the
heavens for one day. The horses, feeling their reins
held by a weaker hand, ran wildly out of their course
and came close to the earth, threatening to burn it.
Zeus noticed the danger and with a thunderbolt he
destroyed Phaeton. He fell down into the legendary
river Eridanus where he was found by the river nymphs
who mourned him and buried him. The tears of these
nymphs turned into amber. For the Ethiopians however
it was already too late: they were scorched by the
heat and their skins had turned black.
The daughter of Helios. With her sister Lampetia she
was in charge of the herds of her father.
A son of Hypnos and one of the Oneiroi, the personifications
of the various types of dreams. The various lifeless
items one meets in one's dreams are created by him.
His name means "apparition".
In Greek mythology, Pheme was the goddess of fame
and report. She was said to be the daughter of Gaia.
Pheme was born at the time of her great displeasure
at the overthrow of the Giants. Pheme was always prying.
She announced whatever she heard, first to only a
few, then louder until everyone had known. Pheme was
represented as a winged, gentle figure holding a trumpet.
The daughter of Apollo who, according to tradition,
was the first Pythia (the name of the first priest
of Apollo's temple at Delphi). She is also regarded
as the inventor of the hexameter (six metrical feet),
because in this trance the oracle's answer was given.
One of the nereids.
The son of Apollo. He was a Thracian singer and musician.
His children were Thamyris and Eumolpus.
A pious, elderly man, husband of Baucis. Despite their
poverty, they gave a warm welcome to Zeus and Hermes.
Before they came upon the elderly people, they had
been refused hospitality by wealthier and more dignified
people. As punishment, the gods turned the entire
region into a swamp, but they changed the cottage
of their hosts into a temple. The granted the elderly
couple a wish, and Philemon and Baucis asked to serve
the gods as guardians of the temple. When their life
came to an end, they were turned into a oak and a
1. The daughter of Tyndareus and Leda, beloved by
Artemis who made her immortal. 2. The daughter of
Iobates and consort of Bellerophon.
The Greek personification of affection. She is usually
ascribed as the daughter of Nyx and sister of Apate
("deceit"), Geras ("old age"), and Eris.
Philyra was the Greek daughter of Oceanus and Tethys.
Some believe that she was the wife of Nauplius, with
whom she had many children. She was the mother of
the centaur Chiron, who was very wise. She was the
shape-shifting goddess of beauty, perfume, healing,
and writing. Philyra was also the inventor of paper.
The river that flows with fire which burns and does
not consume. It is one of the five principal rivers
in the realms of Hades.
A son of Hypnos and one of the Oneiroi, the personifications
of the various types of dreams. In the dreams of humans
Phobetor made various animal shapes appear. His name
Phobos ("fright") is the Greek personification of
fear and terror. He is usually considered to be a
son of Ares, and accompanying him in battle, instilling
fear in all he saw. His brother of Deimos
1. The daughter of Uranus and Gaia. She married her
brother Coeus and with him she became the mother of
Leto and Asteria. It is said that she owned the oracle
of Delphi before Apollo took it over. 2. Another name
for Artemis as moon-goddess. The name is the feminine
form of Phoebus, the name of her twin brother Apollo
as sun-god. 3. The daughter of Leda and sister of
Literally, "the radiant one". In Greek mythology,
an epithet of Apollo because of his connection with
the sun or as descendant of the Titaness Phoebe (his
grandmother). The Romans venerated him as Phoebus
In ancient Greek and Egyptian mythology, the phoenix
is a mythical bird and associated with the Egyptian
sun-god Re and the Greek Phoibos (Apollo). According
to the Greeks the bird lives in Arabia, nearby a cool
well. Each morning at dawn, it would bathe in the
water and sing such a beautiful song, that the sun-god
stops his chariot to listen. There exists only one
phoenix at the time. When it felt its death approaching
(every 500 or 1461 years), it would build a nest of
aromatic wood and set it on fire, and was consumed
by the flames. When it was burned, a new phoenix sprang
forth from the pyre. It then embalmed the ashes of
its predecessor in an egg of myrrh and flew with it
to Heliopolis ("city of the sun"). There it would
deposit the egg on the altar of the sun god. In Egypt
is was usually depicted as a heron, but in the classic
literature as a peacock, or an eagle. The phoenix
symbolizes immortality, resurrection, and life after
death. In that aspect it was often placed on sarcophagi.
It is associated with the Egyptian Benu, the Garuda
of the Hindus, and the Chinese Feng. PhorcydesThe
offspring of Phorcys and Ceto: the Graeae, the Gorgons,
1. A Greek sea-god, son of Pontus and Gaia. He is
the father of the Hesperides, the nymphs Thoosa and
Scylla, as well as various monsters such as the Graeae,
the Gorgons, and the dragon Ladon. The Cyclops Polyphemus
was his grandson. 2. A leader of the Phrygians during
the Trojan War. He was killed by Ajax.
The son of the river-god Inachus and the Oceanid Melia.
He was the king of the Peloponnesus and introduced
there Hera's service. He also encouraged people to
together in cities and brought them civilization,
by, for example, teaching them how to use fire. He
was venerated especially in Argos.
The Greek personification of envy. Phthonus was said
to have married many different women and killed most
of them because he suspected that they cheated on
him. He was usually thought of as the son of Dionysus
Pillars of Hercules
The rocky heights on both sides of the Straits of
Gibraltar. In one tradition, it was Heracles who broke
through the mountain barrier which had locked the
Mediterranean, thus creating the outlet to the ocean.
One of the pillars is called Capi, while the other,
the opposite promontory in Africa (Jebel Musa, or
Apes' Hill) was anciently called Abyla.
A sacred well of the Muses, located at the acropolis
of Corinth. It was there that the hero Bellerophon
managed to catch the horse Pegasus while it drinking
A Greek nymph who was turned into a pine tree by the
gods, in order to save her from the courting Pan.
The Pleiades are the seven daughters of Atlas and
Pleione. They were the virgin companions of Artemis.
When Orion, a beautiful hunter, pursued them and their
mother, they prayed to the gods for rescue. The gods
answered they prayer and they were changed into doves,
and later into stars. Zeus placed them in the sky
where they formed a part of the constellation of Taurus.
According to another myth, they committed suicide
after the death of their sisters the Hyades. The Pleiads
are Alcyone, Electra, Celaeno, Maia, Sterope, Merope
One of the Oceanids, and by Atlas the mother of the
The Greek god and personification of wealth, regarded
as the son Demeter. He is said to have been blinded
by Zeus, that he might dispense his gifts blindly
and without regard to merit. His attributes are a
cornucopia and a basket filled with ears of corn.
One of the Harpies. By Zephyrus she became the mother
of Xanthus and Balius, the horses of Achilles.
Literally, "of the city (polis)", an epithet of Athena
as protectress of the Acropolis and the city of Athens.
The son of Asclepius. He and his brother Polidarius
were renowned as healers.
Polydeuces is a figure in Greek mythology. He is also
the twin brother of Castor and the son of Zeus and
Leda of Sparta, who was a mortal. He and Castor form
the constellation Gemini. The twins were born from
eggs after Zeus visited Leda as a swan. Since one
parent was mortal and the other immortal, Castor became
mortal whereas Polydeuces became immortal. Polydeuces
was known as a boxer and won many Olympic events.
He was also one of Jason's Argonauts on Jason's quest
for the golden fleece. During the quest, Polydueces
proved himself by killing an evil king and allowing
the quest to continue. When the twins returned from
the quest, they got in a dispute with two other men
which was followed by a terrible battle. During this
battle, Castor, the mortal, was killed. Polydeuces
was terribly saddened by this and cried to his father
Zeus. Zeus listened to Polydueces and decided to let
Polydeuces and Castor spend alternate days on Olympus,
home of the gods, and in the underworld. Zeus also
raised the twins image to the sky forming the constellation
Gemini or the twin stars.
Polyhymnia is the Greek Muse of the sacred hymn, eloquence
and dance. She is usually represented in a pensive
or meditating position. She is a serious looking woman,
dressed in a long cloak and resting with an elbow
on a pillar. Sometimes she holds a finger to her mouth.
Polyphemus, the son of Poseidon and Thoosa. He was
a Cyclops (plural Cyclopes) in Greek (Kuklops) meaning
"round eye", a mythical semi-human monster of huge
proportions, with a single eye at the centre of his
forehead, usually described as a one-eyed giant. The
island where they are thought to have dwelt is a remote
part of Sicily, where they lived in caves and eating
raw flesh of any kind (including human), and also
keeping goats and sheep. They led a fairly solitary
existence. Polyphemus is best remembered for the role
he took in Homer's epic poem the Odyssey when he captures
the Greek hero Odysseus. The story unfolds as Odysseus
and twelve of his crew, on their way home from the
Trojan War, land on the island of the Cyclopes in
search of provisions. Odysseus and his men came across
the cave of Polyphemus, and went inside hoping to
steal food while Polyphemus was away tending his flock.
Being inquisitive, Odysseus wanted to see what a Cyclops
looked like, so they hid in the cave until Polyphemus
returned. That evening, Polyphemus herded his flock
of sheep and goats into his cave and, for safekeeping,
rolled a huge boulder across the entrance, not knowing
the Greeks were inside. On seeing the one-eyed giant.
Odysseus and his men gasped in disbelief, giving away
their hiding place. Polyphemus rushed forward and
killed two of the men, then devouring them both for
his dinner, he then fell fast asleep. Odysseus relished
the thought of killing Polyphemus, but knowing full
well he and his men could never remove the boulder
from the cave entrance, conceived a plan on how to
escape. On waking the next morning Polyphemus caught
two more of Odysseus' men, and ate them both for breakfast.
He then rolled back the boulder, allowing just enough
room for his flock to get out, then rolling the huge
rock back into place, leaving the Greeks inside ready
for his next meal. Odysseus set his men to work on
sharpening a stout pole, which they did, and then
hiding it ready for that evening. As dusk grew close
Polyphemus returned, again rolling back the boulder
and letting in his flock. He then caught two more
Greeks, killed them and ate them raw. After consuming
both men he spoke to Odysseus asking, "what is your
name", Odysseus' reply was "Outis" (in Greek this
means "nobody"). As part of the plan, Odysseus offered
Polyphemus a full goatskin of wine and when he had
finish the last drop, and feeling a little drunk,
Polyphemus fell fast asleep. This was the time to
take action, Odysseus and four of his men brought
out the pole, which they had sharpened, and with one
great thrust plunged the point into Polyphemus' eye,
pushing it deep, to ensure it made him totally blind.
The agonizing pain made Polyphemus scream out, so
loud in fact that it brought the neighboring Cyclopes
to see what was wrong. "Who is hurting you" asked
the other Cyclopes, Polyphemus screamed "nobody is
hurting me", (which is why Odysseus said was his name
was "Outis"). Tthinking his screams were a punishment
from the gods, the other Cyclopes went away. At daybreak
Polyphemus rolled the great boulder from the mouth
of the cave to let out his flock, but being totally
blind, and knowing the Greeks would try to escape,
he felt each animal as he let it pass. Odysseus and
his men held on to the belly of a ram, and, one at
a time escaped from the cave. They quickly ran to
their ship, taking with then part of the flock. Once
aboard, Odysseus taunted Polyphemus by telling him
his true identity, and Polyphemus, realizing he had
been tricked hurled rocks at the ship, trying to smash
its hull to pieces. When Odysseus had made his escape,
Polyphemus prayed to his father asking him to send
a curse, and throughout the rest of Odysseus' journey
home Poseidon was his enemy. In the Hellenistic age,
Theocritus the Sicilian Greek poet, wrote two poems
(circa 275 BC) set in the time before the Odysseus
legend, a tale of how Polyphemus fell in love with
the sea nymph Galatea. Polyphemus was also one of
the Argonauts names, from the legend of Jason and
the Argonauts, but bears no relationship to "Polyphemus
Pontus is the personification of the sea and the son
of Gaia and Aether. With Gaia he fathered Nereus,
Thaumas, Phorcys, Ceto and Eurybia.
One of the giants who fought against the gods. He
was killed by Heracles.
The personification of expediency. Porus is the son
of Metis and husband of Penia (Poverty). He was sometimes
considered the father of Eros.
Poseidon is a god of many names. He is most famous
as the god of the sea. The son of Cronus and Rhea,
Poseidon is one of six siblings who eventually "divided
the power of the world." His brothers and sisters
include: Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, and Zeus. The
division of the universe involved him and his brothers,
Zeus and Hades. Poseidon became ruler of the sea,
Zeus ruled the sky, and Hades got the underworld.
The other divinities attributed to Poseidon involve
the god of earthquakes and the god of horses. The
symbols associated with Poseidon include: dolphins,
tridents, and three-pronged fish spears. Poseidon
was relied upon by sailors for a safe voyage on the
sea. Many men drowned horses in sacrifice of his honor.
He lived on the ocean floor in a palace made of coral
and gems, and drove a chariot pulled by horses. However,
Poseidon was a very moody divinity, and his temperament
could sometimes result in violence. When he was in
a good mood, Poseidon created new lands in the water
and a calm sea. In contrast, when he was in a bad
mood, Poseidon would strike the ground with a trident
and cause unruly springs and earthquakes, ship wrecks,
and drownings. Poseidon was similar to his brother
Zeus in exerting his power on women and in objectifying
masculinity. He had many love affairs and fathered
numerous children. Poseidon once married a Nereid,
Amphitrite, and produced Triton who was half-human
and half-fish. He also impregnated the Gorgon Medusa
to conceive Chrysaor and Pegasus, the flying horse.
The rape of Aethra by Poseidon resulted in the birth
of Theseus; and he turned Caeneus into a man, at her
request, after raping her. Another rape involved Amymone
when she tried to escape from a satyr and Poseidon
saved her. Other offspring of Poseidon include: Eumolpus,
the Giant Sinis, Polyphemus, Orion, King Amycus, Proteus,
Agenor and Belus from Europa, Pelias, and the King
of Egypt, Busiris. One of the most notorious love
affairs of Poseidon involves his sister, Demeter.
Poseidon pursued Demeter and to avoid him she turned
herself into a mare. In his lust for her, Poseidon
transformed himself into a stallion and captured her.
Their procreation resulted in a horse, Arion. Poseidon
is Greek for "Husband" (possibly of wheat), and therefore
it is thought that he and Demeter (goddess of wheat)
are a good match because they reign as the god and
goddess of fertility. Another infamous story of Poseidon
involves the competition between him and the goddess
of war, Athena, for the city of Athens. To win the
people of the city over, Poseidon threw a spear at
the ground and produced the Spring at the Acropolis.
However, Athena won as the result of giving the people
of Athens the olive tree. In his anger over the decision,
Poseidon flooded the Attic Plain. Eventually, Athena
and Poseidon worked together by combining their powers.
Even though Poseidon was the god of horses, Athena
built the first chariot. Athena also built the first
ship to sail on the sea over which Poseidon ruled.
Poseidon often used his powers of earthquakes, water,
and horses to inflict fear and punishment on people
as revenge. Though he could be difficult and assert
his powers over the gods and mortals, Poseidon could
be cooperative and it was he who helped the Greeks
during the Trojan War. Poseidon is an essential character
in the study of Greek mythology
The personification of desire. Pothos appeared with
Eros and Himerus and was supposedly the son of Cronus
Potnia was the most important goddess in Greece in
the Late Bronze Age, which is called Mycenaean (1600
- 1100 BC). She is mentioned on the tablets with Linear
scripts B from Knossos and Pylos as PO-TI-NI-JA with
many epithets. Some of these adjectives are of local
provenience, where some of them characterize the sphere
of her influence. In Mycenaean monuments, Potnia appears
with many attributes: the snakes, the double axes,
the lions, the doves, the griffin, as well as other
kinds of animals and sacred features. Sometimes standing
alone they have to indicate the presence of the goddess.
Potnia is the protector of nature, vegetation, fertility
and in this case she is closely related to the Minoan
Mother of the Mountains. During Late Helladic III
period (after 1400 BC) Potnia is depicted more war-like.
Armed with weapons, wearing a helmet, she is accompanied
by the griffin. J.Chadwick believes that Potnia was
connected with the cult of the Earth Mother, dominated
from Early Helladic time over all Aegean religion.
He supposes this cult continued with a variety of
names into the classical period. M.P. Nilson presumed
the role of Potnia in Greek classical religion was
taken over by Athena, Rhea and Hera. I think the position
of Potnia and her attributes were changing in the
harmony with needs of Mycenaean community. Beside
her primary function of the goddess of nature, vegetation
and fertility, she had to be powerful and warlike
to protect Mycenaean palaces and their cities against
the enemies. That is why Mycenaeans paid great attention
to the weapons, showing Potnia with helmet or sword,
and it is not to be wondered that one adjective of
Potnia on the tablet from Pylos was connected with
bronze-smiths. In Greek Olympian religion the place
of Potnia disappeared. Her role and her divine attributes
spread out between many goddesses.
The Greek protector of gardens and domestic animals
and fruits. He is a son of Dionysus and Aphrodite,
and a strong phallic fertility deity. Carved images
of Priapus, with large ithyphallic genitals, were
placed in the fields and gardens to ensure fruitfulness
and protection. He was imported into Rome from Lampascus
where Pausanias reported he was supreme among all
gods. The Roman Priapus was far more popular than
his Greek version.
Prometheus was the son of Iapetus who was one of the
Titans. He tricked the gods into eating bare bones
instead of good meat. He stole the sacred fire from
Zeus and the gods. Prometheus did not tell Zeus the
prophecy that one of Zeus's sons will overthrow him.
In punishment, Zeus commanded that Prometheus be chained
for eternity in the Caucasus. There, an eagle (or,
according to other sources, a vulture) would eat his
liver, and each day the liver would be renewed. So
the punishment was endless, until Heracles finally
killed the bird. Prometheus is known to be one of
the most interesting characters in Greek Mythology
Proteus is a prophetic sea divinity, son of either
Poseidon or Oceanus. He usually stays on the Island
of Pharos, near Egypt, where he herds the seals of
Poseidon. He will foretell the future to those who
can seize him, but when caught he assumes all possible
varying forms to avoid prophesying. When held fast
despite his struggles, he will assume his usual form
of an old man and tell the future.
The daughter of Deucalion and Pyrrha.
An appellation of Eros, in the theology of the Orphic-Dionysic
Mysteries, as "firstborn" of the primeval egg of Nyx
1. A Nereid, with Aeacus the mother of Phocus (Ovid
XI, 398). 2. Daughter of Crotopus, the king of Argos.
With Apollo she was the mother of Linus, and was killed
for this by her father.
1. A Nereid, with Aeacus the mother of Phocus (Ovid
XI, 398). 2. Daughter of Crotopus, the king of Argos.
With Apollo she was the mother of Linus, and was killed
for this by her father.
The personification of the human soul. In the well-known
fable of the Roman writer Apuleius (ca. 125 - ca.
180), Psyche is the youngest of three daughters. She
was of such extraordinary beauty that Aphrodite herself
became jealous of her. The goddess then sent her son
Eros to make Psyche fall in love with an ugly man.
However, the god himself fell in love with the girl
and visited her every night, but forbade her to see
his face, so she did not know who her lover was. On
her sisters' instigation she tried to discover the
true identity of her beloved. When he lay asleep in
her bed, she lit an oil lamp but when she bent over
to see Eros' face, a drop of oil from her lamp fell
on him and he awakened. When he noticed her intent,
he left her. Psyche wandered the earth in search of
her lover, until she was finally reunited with him.
On ancient Greek vases, Psyche is portrayed in the
shape of a bird with a human head, sometimes with
a beard. Later she is shown in the shape of a cock,
butterfly, or a small human figure. As the beloved
of Eros she is a fair maiden, often with butterfly
"The leader," or "conductor of the soul". It is an
epithet of Hermes as conductor of the souls of the
deceased to the realm of Hades. The Egyptian god Anubis
also had such a function.
Pygmalion was a very talented sculptor in ancient
Greece who loved his work, and would spend hours carving
beautiful ivory statues, immersing himself in his
art. One day, he chose a large, beautiful piece of
ivory, and worked diligently at it, chiseling and
hammering until he finished. It was a statue of a
beautiful lady. Pygmalion thought it was so beautiful,
he clothed the figure, gave it jewels, and named it
Galatea (sleeping love). Pygmalion went to the temple
of Aphrodite (Venus), the goddess of love and beauty
to pray for a wife just like the statue in his home.
When Aphrodite heard him, she went to the home of
he sculptor to see what all the fuss was about. She
was delighted when she saw Galatea. She thought it
looked a lot like herself, so she brought it to life.
When the sculptor returned home, he found Galatea
alive, and threw himself at her feet. Galatea smiled
down at him. They soon got married, and Pygmalion
didn't forget to thank Aphrodite for his good fortune.
He and Galatea brought gifts to her altar as long
as they lived. Aphrodite blessed them with happiness
and love in return.
Pyrrha is the daughter of Epimetheus and the wife
of Deucalion. They were the sole survivors of the
flood sent by Zeus to drown the world and its degenerate
race of mankind. When the waters sank back into the
earth, Pyrrha and Deucalion created a new race of
humans by throwing stones.
The name of the priestesses of Apollo's temple at
Delphi. Seated on a tripod above a crack in the earth,
she went into a trance by the stupefying vapors rising
from the earth and by chewing laurel leaves. From
the incoherent babbling which the priestess spoke
in her ecstasy, the temple priests formulated the
A monstrous serpent in Greek mythology, and the child
of Gaia, the goddess earth. It was produced from the
slime and mud that was left on the earth by the great
flood of Deucalion. It lived in a cave and guarded
the oracle of Delphi on mount Parnassus. No man dared
to approach the beast and the people asked Apollo
for help. He came down from Mount Olympus with his
silver bow and golden arrows. With using only one
arrow he killed the serpent and claimed the oracle
for himself. After that, he was known as Pythian Apollo.
In memory of this victory, Apollo started the Pythian
games, which were held every four years. The old name
of Delphi, Pytho, refers to the serpent.