An epithet of the Maenads, the frenzied, ecstatic
women in the train of Dionysus
One of two immortal horses that Poseidon gave to Peleus
as a wedding present. See: Xanth
"King". An epithet of multiple Greek gods, specifically
Zeus, Neptune, and Apollo.
Bassarids, from bassaris ("foxskin"), worn by Dionysus
in his Thracian mysteries. Hence the Thracian Dionysus
was sometimes called Bassareus, and his Maenads were
The wife of Philemon, which see.
Greek rendering of Belit, the feminine of Bel and
an appellation of Ninlin/Ninhursag
1. The son of Poseidon by Libya, daughter of Epaphus,
who was the son of Io and Zeus. Belus's most famous
sons were Aegyptus and Danaus. 2. The king of Sidon
and father of Dido 3. The Latin name for the Semitic
Bia ("force") is the personification of power and
force, daughter of Pallas and Styx. She is the sister
of Nike, Cratos, and Zelus. Bia was made to bind Prometheus
as punishment from stealing fire from the gods
The Thracians; after Biston, son of Ares, who allegedly
built Bistonia on Lake Bistonis.
Calais and Zetes were the sons of Boreas by Oreithyia.
They were winged heroes who accompanied Jason on the
voyage of the Argo.
The Greek god of the North Wind who lived in Thrace.
He is depicted as being winged, extremely strong,
bearded and normally clad in a short pleated tunic.
He is the son of Eos and Astraeus, and the brother
of Zephyrus, Eurus and Notus. Boreas has two sons,
two daughters and twelve mares which can race over
the ground without destroying the grain. When the
Persian navy of Xerxes threatened the city of Athens,
the Athenians begged his assistance. The Great Wind
of the Wintery North blew his anger at the Persians
and 400 Persian ships sank immediately. Among other
violent acts he abducted Oreithyia, the daughter of
the king of Athens, when she was playing on the banks
of the Ilissus. In Latin, he is called Aquilo.
Briareus was one of the Hecatonchires, the hundred-handed
ones with fifty heads. His mother, Gaia, was the most
ancient Greek goddess and was known as mother earth.
He also had two brothers. One of his brothers was
Gyes; the king of Cydia and the other was Coltus.
Briareus was thrown into Tartarus by Uranus, but was
then rescued by Zeus, whom he then urged to help him
struggle against the Titans. During that battle, the
Hecatoncheires took advantage of their one hundred
hands by throwing rocks at the Titans.
Britomartis- Diktynna - Aphaea Britomartis was the
Minoan goddess of the mountains and hunting, in close
relation to Diktynna and Aphaea, forerunner of Potnia
theron (Mistress of Animals) and Artemis, partly identified
with them. The name Sweet Maid or Sweet Virgin is
connected with the mythical story of Britomartis,
the same as her later names - Diktynna in Crete and
Aphaea (Aphaia) in Aegina (Aigina). According to a
late myth, (1) Britomartis was the daughter of Zeus
and Carme, daughter of Euboulos. A virgin was pursued
by Minos, she was running away from him, finally she
threw herself into the nets. Artemis made her a goddess
with the name Diktynna. She became the goddess of
the mountains and the shores and ports, sometimes
she is called the goddess of nets. In another version
of the myth Britomartis escaped into the island Aegina,
where she was worshipped as Aphaea, the protectoress
of the island . On the Minoan seals and rings the
goddess of mountains and hunting is depicted with
demonic features, wearing a typical local cloth, often
accompanied by animals and divine symbols - double
axes and snakes. From some sources it is known, that
the Archaic cult wooden statue (xoanon) of Britomartis,
made by the great Minoan craftsman Daedalus, existed
in the temple of Olous.(2) In the Greek Classical
period Britomartis was represented on the coins of
the cities Chersonesos and Olous (Elounda) , where
she became the main divinity. Also as Diktynna she
was portrayed on the Cretan coins of the cities Kydonia,
Polyrrhenia and perhaps Phalasarna. She represented
a mountain mother, connected with the Mount Dikte,
where, according one version of the myth, Zeus was
born. Most of the time she was depicted as a nurse
of Zeus. It may be that the goddess of mountains was
worshipped during the Minoan times at the peak sanctuaries,
which are visible at the relief of some stone vases.
Later the temples of Britomartis were built at Chersonesos
and at Olous, where the festival Britomarpeia were
performed for her. In many cities, including Athens
and Sparta, temples and altars were built and dedicated
to Diktynna, but she was venerated mainly in Western
Crete at Lisos and west of Kydonia, at Diktynnaion.
(3) The sanctuary was a major center of Diktynna worship
in the Classical period and the cult continued during
the Roman times too. According to a story, the place
was guarded by hounds, stronger as bears. The temple
stood inside a large court, surrounded by porticoes.
Several Ionian and Corinthian columns and marble sima
are visible until today. The sanctuary dedicated to
Aphaea existed during the Mycenaean times on a hill,
on the island Aegina , where later on the important
Archaic temple "Athena Aphaea" was constructed. From
the first shrine only the foundations of the altar
survived, the temple we see today was built between
515-480 BC. Another small temple of Aphaea at Aspropirgos
in the outskirts of Athens, not far a way from Aegina,
demonstrates, that the cult of Aphaea was known in
the Mainland too. Some authors suggest that the cults
of Britomartis and Diktynne were related to each other
in the same way as the later Demeter and Persephone.(4)
I think we can see some development of this myth during
the centuries and its transfer to a local theme. The
Minoan goddess of mountains , Britomartis was worshipped
in Crete, as Aphaea in Aegina, during the Archaic
period as Potnia theron in the Greek Mainland, and
during the Classical age as Diktynna in Western Crete
and somewhere else too. Later the cult was local ,
because the main role took over Artemis, while Diktynna
turned into one of the nymphs accompanying her . Aphaea
was called by second name Athena, because this goddess
became the most important deity in Attica and also
Brizo is known as a charmer, and a soother. In Greek
mythology, she is a goddess worshipped at Delos and
honored by women as the protector of mariners. Food
offerings were set before the goddess in little boats
(no fish). Brizo presided over an oracle that was
consulted on matters relating to navigation and fishing.
Her answers were given in dreams.
"The thunderer" or "he of the loud shout", an epithet
One of three Cyclopes, a fierce giant with one eyes
in the center of his forehead, in Greek Mythology
. In Hesiad, a the brother of Arges and Steropes and
child of Uranus of Gaia . Brontes was thrown into
the lower world by his other brother, Cronus, a first
(after Cronus dethroned Uranus) he was released by
Zeus and in gratitude, he gave Zeus the gifts of thunder
and lighting. He always possessed the weapon of thunder.
He was a very powerful and destructive creature.
A son of Poseidon, and the legendary founder of Byzantium.